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Diabetes in Schnauzer Dogs

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    Definitions

    • “Diabetes mellitus is a diseased state by which the body suffers from either an absolute shortage of insulin (Type I), or from an incorrect response from the cells to the insulin that is being produced, a condition termed insulin resistance (Type II),” says the Pet MD website. The pancreas produces insulin, which is a hormone. Genetics, pancreatitis, hormone or steroid therapies, immune dysfunction and viruses are all suspected as causes of diabetes in dogs. Female dogs are at higher risk for diabetes than are males, and obesity is also a risk factor.

    Symptoms and Diagnosis

    • Symptoms of diabetes in schnauzers can be subtle initially, and they include lethargy, excessive thirst, increased urination, weight loss and increased appetite. Your veterinarian can diagnose diabetes by obtaining your dog’s detailed medical history and symptom information from you. She will likely also order a blood test and urinalysis for assessing your dog’s glucose levels. High glucose on either test can strongly indicate that your dog has diabetes.

    Treatment

    • Diet and daily exercise are some of the keys to managing and treating diabetes in your schnauzer. Your veterinarian can advise you on the appropriate diet and exercise plan. Insulin injections, which can help to regulate blood sugar levels, may also be part of the diabetes treatment plan. Many pet owners must monitor their schnauzers’ glucose levels and adjust insulin dosages accordingly.

    Prognosis

    • Ignoring the signs and symptoms of diabetes can lead to a life-threatening situation. However, diabetes in schnauzers is manageable, provided that you care for your dog appropriately. Many dogs that have diabetes are able to enjoy normal, healthy lives and typical lifespans. Contact your veterinarian promptly if your schnauzer’s health seems to be getting worse.

    Tips

    • Whether your schnauzer has already been diagnosed with diabetes or not, it can be helpful to feed your dog small, frequent meals (perhaps every few hours), to help manage or prevent diabetes. Keeping a log that includes your dog’s daily diet and exercise, weekly weight, insulin doses and glucose levels can be helpful in monitoring his health.

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