Experiencing the 4 Types of Tourism in India

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Tourism in India has been constantly helping the national economy by bringing in foreign exchange. A large number of holidaymakers come from outside the country to explore its various aspects. The two most significant fields that travellers come here to learn about are history and culture. Though these two aspects have been popular reasons to tour the nation for a long time, there are more fields where the travel industry is now spreading its wings. Two of the newly-added feathers to the cap of the industry are adventure and spiritual exploration. To make it easier for tourists, companies often offer India travel packages under the four main tourism categories, namely historical, cultural, spiritual and adventure.


The history of human civilisation in the sovereign state is quite long, with archaeological evidence dating it to around 8000 BC. In over 10000 years of civilisation history, numerous dynasties and peoples from around the globe came and settled here. The several time periods of national history can be broadly classified as prehistoric, ancient, medieval, colonial and contemporary or post-independence. For an overview of these periods, a horde of historical sites in the nation can be visited. These include Harappan-era excavations of Lothal and Dholavira, the long list of medieval-era forts and ornate Rajput palaces. Tourism in India makes these and many other such buildings and structures easily accessible.  


It is a well-known fact that the culture of India is among the most diverse of any country. Even one state or region can have diverse traditions owing to the variety of ethnic groups or tribes living here. Two more factors that influence the culture of humans are religion and the empire or dynasty that ruled over the place. All these factors are reflected in the folk dances, festivals, music, cuisine, and legends and myths of a region or state. The puppets and handicrafts of Rajasthan; cuisine of Punjab and Lucknow and the elaborate dance rituals of Kerala are just few of the innumerable tradition-influenced things here. Some festivals like Holi, Diwali, Christmas, Muharram, Mahavir Jayanti and Buddha Purnima are celebrated all around the country, reflecting cultural unity.   


An important reason as to why overseas visitors have started availing India travel packages in the recent times is spiritual rejuvenation. There are numerous mosques, monasteries and temples here, where visitors can seek relaxation, combined with spiritual awakening. A good way to seek relaxation is meditation, which is highly emphasised in Hinduism and Buddhism. Many meditation centres have come up, especially in Rishikesh and Haridwar, to help travellers leave their troubles behind for a while. Another spiritual activity, gaining in popularity, is Yoga, a science which seeks to unite the soul, body and mind. Blessings and counsel on how to meditate and relax may also be sought from fakirs, Buddhism monks or hermits in this nation.


Adventure tourism in India is a new, but an already popular way for people to fill their lives with excitement. Many of the thickly-forested regions house protected territories, where wildlife safaris and nature walks are offered. Activities like trekking, white water rafting and paragliding are organised in a number of hilly areas. In several places with flatter terrain and calm winds, travellers can enjoy hot air ballooning. Himalayan destinations like Auli, Gulmarg, Narkanda, Kufri and Solang are famous for being amazing ski resorts. Motorcycle tours between Manali and Leh are well-known, thanks to the beauty along the way and the challenging sections of the highway. Coastal India, including the Andaman and Nicobar, and Lakshadweep Islands are ideal and popular scuba diving sites.

During their holidays here, travellers can explore and experience these four tourism aspects of the country.
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